Population Change in Hong Kong
1800
1825
1850
1875
1900
1925
1950
1975
2000
Now
0000
Hong Kong Historic Events
1785
Hong Kong Historic Events
1786
Hong Kong Historic Events
1787
Hong Kong Historic Events
Portuguese explorer Jorge Alvares becomes the first European to visit HK
1788
Hong Kong Historic Events
The Canton officer Wang Hong reclaimed the sovereignty of Tuen Mun, which was captured by the Portuguese in 1517.
1789
Hong Kong Historic Events
Macau became a Portuguese colony
1790
Hong Kong Historic Events
1833
Global Historic Events
Abolition of slavery in the British Empire
1834
Global Historic Events
British East India Company ended monopoly in China trade.
1839
Hong Kong Historic Events
All British merchants ordered to leave Canton and many seek refuge in Hong Kong
All British merchants ordered to leave Canton and many seek refuge in Hong Kong
Global Historic Events
High Commissioner Lin Tse-hu of the Qing Government appointed to stamp out the Opium trade in Canton.
1840
Global Historic Events
The beginning of the First Opium War.
1841
Hong Kong Historic Events
Commodore James Bremer, commander-in-chief of the British forces in China, takes formal possession of Hong Kong on 26 January 1841.
William Caine is appointed Hong Kong’s first chief Magistrate.
Hong Kong’s first newspaper, “The Hong Kong Gazette” is founded by John R. Morrison and funded by the British Trade Commission.
The first census in Hong Kong returns a population of 5650.
34 lots are sold through bidding processes in Hong Kong’s first land sale
Postal Department and Post Office established in the colony.
1842
Hong Kong Historic Events
Mexican and Spanish silver dollars as currency.
Hong Kong is established under the Treaty of Nanking.
Global Historic Events
The Treaty of Nanking, formally called the Treaty of Peace, Friendship and Commerce between Her Majesty the Queen of Great Britain and Ireland and the Emperor of China, is signed on the 29 August 1842 to mark the end of the First Opium War (1839–42) between the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland and the Qing dynasty of China.
The treaty ports of Amoy, Canton, Foochow, Ningpo and Shanghai open for international commerce.
1843
Hong Kong Historic Events
Sir Henry Pottinger becomes the first Governor of Hong Kong.
The Legislative Council is established under the “Charter of the Colony of Hong Kong”.
Hong Kong’s first private hospital, The Seamen’s Hospital and the first missionary hospital, The Hospital of Medical Missionary Society are established.
Thomas W. Waldron is the first United States Consul in Hong Kong.
1844
Hong Kong Historic Events
Sir John Francis Davis becomes the second Governor of Hong Kong.
Robert M. Martin is appointed Hong Kong’s first Colonial Treasurer.
1845
Hong Kong Historic Events
The establishment of the Ice House Company.
The China Mail first published.
P.&O. Steam Navigation Co. establishes monthly mail route.
1846
Hong Kong Historic Events
The Hong Kong Club opens.
1848
Hong Kong Historic Events
Sir George Bonham became the third Governor of Hong Kong.
The Asile de la Sainte Enfance, an orphanage run by the Sister of St Paul de Chartres from France is establised in Wan Chai.
Global Historic Events
Opening of the gold fields in the Sacramento Valley, California.
Publication of The Communist Manifesto.
Revolutions of 1848 throughout Europe. Outbreak of revolutions in France, in the German and Italian states, and in the Austrian Empire.
Formation of the Second Republic in France with universal manhood suffrage.
1849
Hong Kong Historic Events
Opening of St. John’s Cathedral.
Global Historic Events
Defeat of the pirate fleets of Chui Apou and Shap-ng-tsai.
1851
Hong Kong Historic Events
The Cricket Club established.
Influx of Chinese refugees.
Rules on coolie migration promulgated.
Global Historic Events
Beginning of the Tai Ping Heavenly Kingdom in China
The Great Exhibition is held in London.
1852
Hong Kong Historic Events
The Taiping Movement refugees start to arrive in Hong Kong.
1853
Global Historic Events
Start of the Crimean War, which ends in 1855 in a defeat for Russia.
1854
Hong Kong Historic Events
Sir John Bowring becomes the fourth governor of Hong Kong.
The Royal Hong Kong Regiment was formed.
Global Historic Events
Britain and France declared war on Russia in Crimean War.
1856
Global Historic Events
Outbreak of the Second Anglo-Chinese War
1857
Hong Kong Historic Events
Ordinance No. 12 of 1857, “The Ordinance of Checking the Spread of Venereal Diseases” makes prostitution lawful.
Lamont and Hope docks built in Aberdeen.
China blocked trade in Canton. (Now Guangzhou)
1858
Hong Kong Historic Events
Mass exodus of Chinese because of blockade by China.
Global Historic Events
The Treaty of Tientsin signed, legalizing opium sales in China.
1859
Hong Kong Historic Events
Sir Hercules Robinson becomes governor of Hong Kong.
Establishment of the Aberdeen Dockyards built by John Lamont.
The Lock Hospital is Hong Kong’s first hospital specialized in venereal diseases.
1860
Hong Kong Historic Events
Convention of Peking ratified, formalizing lease of the Kowloon Peninsula and Stonecutters Island to Britain in perpetuity.
The Botanic Garden laid out.
Global Historic Events
The sacking of the Summer Palace in Peking.
1861
Hong Kong Historic Events
Hong Kong Chamber of Commerce founded.
Global Historic Events
Outbreak of the American Civil War (1861 – 1865)
Unified state of Italy proclaimed.
1862
Hong Kong Historic Events
The concession to supply gas to the City of Victoria, was obtained from governor Sir Hercules Robinson by William Glen. The Hong Kong and China Gas Company Limited (HKCG) was established due to that and this company was the first privately run public utility in Hong Kong.
The Government Central school established.
1863
Hong Kong Historic Events
Pok Fu Lam Reservoir completed. It is the first drinking water reservoir.
1864
Hong Kong Historic Events
Gas street lighting introduced.
First stage of the Botanic Garden was opened to the public.
1865
Hong Kong Historic Events
First Companies Ordinance enacted.
Hong Kong Shang Hai Bank founded.
Global Historic Events
Abolition of slavery in the U.S.A.
1866
Hong Kong Historic Events
Sir Richard Graves MacDonnell became governor of Hong Kong.
The Hong Kong Mint opened.
1867
Hong Kong Historic Events
The blockade of Hong Kong by Chinese customs cruisers.
1868
Hong Kong Historic Events
The Hong Kong Mint closed.
Hong Kong Fire Brigade established.
Global Historic Events
Meiji Restoration in Japan
First official Chinese diplomatic mission abroad, the Burlingame Mission.
1869
Hong Kong Historic Events
Visit of Duke of Edinburgh and royal opening of the City Hall.
First City Hall opened.
Global Historic Events
Suez Canal opened.
1870
Global Historic Events
Completion of submarine telegraphic link to China.
Outbreak of the Franco-Prussian War, which ends in 1871
1871
Hong Kong Historic Events
The Smallpox Hospital is the first hospital specialized in epidemiological diseases in Hong Kong.
Submarine telegraph cables landed at Pokfulam to link between Europe and Hong Kong.
A.S. Watson & Co registered.
Global Historic Events
Unification of Germany
Introduction of universal manhood suffrage in Germany
1872
Hong Kong Historic Events
Sir Arthur Kennedy becomes governor of Hong Kong.
Tung Wah Hospital officially established.
The China Navigation Co. established.
Global Historic Events
First Chinese educational mission to the United States
1873
Hong Kong Historic Events
The First central Praya reclamation completed.
1874
Global Historic Events
Rev. James Legge appointed professor of Chinese at Oxford University.
1875
Hong Kong Historic Events
The Lunatic Asylum is established.
1876
Hong Kong Historic Events
Po Fu Lam tunnel, the first water supply tunnel constructed.
Global Historic Events
Alexander Bell invented telephone.
1877
Hong Kong Historic Events
Sir John Pope Hennessy became governor of Hong Kong.
Ng Choy, first Chinese barrister admits to the bar.
Global Historic Events
First Chinese embassy overseas established in London
1878
Hong Kong Historic Events
Secular system of education introduced to government schools.
Grant-in-aid schools to have freedom of religious instruction.
China Sugar Refining Co. incorporated.
1879
Hong Kong Historic Events
Appointment of Ng Choy as unofficial member of the Legislative Council.
Edison invented electric lamp.
1880
Hong Kong Historic Events
Kowloon Ferry Cp. commenced cross harbour ferries.
Ng Ting-fong appointed the first Chinese Legislative Councillor.
1881
Hong Kong Historic Events
The marriage of Ho Kai and Alice Walkden.
City telephone communications commenced.
1882
Hong Kong Historic Events
Publication of Chadwick’s report on sanitary conditions in Hong Kong.
Ho Kai is the first Hong Kong Chinese to hold dual professional titles of Doctor in Medicine and Barrister at Law.
Indo-China Steam Navigation Co. founded.
1883
Hong Kong Historic Events
Sir George Ferguson Bowen became the 9th Governor of Hong Kong.
The Hong Kong Observatory is established. Dane William Doberck is appointed the first director.
The Sanitary Board was established.
1884
Hong Kong Historic Events
Ordinance No. 1 of 1884, titled “Medical Registration Ordinance” requires all physicians to be licensed before they can treat patients for monetary reward.
Financial crisis.
Hong Kong Jockey Club founded.
1886
Hong Kong Historic Events
Patrick Manson founded Dairy Farm Co.
1887
Hong Kong Historic Events
The Alice Memorial Hospital and the Nethersole Hospital are Hong Kong’s first teaching hospital.
Sir George William des Voeux becomes governor of Hong Kong.
College of Medicine for the Chinese established. Sun Yat-sen becomes an early student.
A system of partial elections is established, allowing selected individuals to vote for members on the Sanitary board.
Hong Kong College of Medicine founded.
1888
Hong Kong Historic Events
Peak tram started service.
1890
Hong Kong Historic Events
Duke of Connaught laid foundation stone for Sir Catchick Paul Chater’s praya reclamation.
Power supply begins on Hong Kong Island.
1891
Hong Kong Historic Events
Sir William Robinson becomes governor of Hong Kong.
1892
Hong Kong Historic Events
Gas lighting was introduced in Kowloon.
1893
Hong Kong Historic Events
The Alice Memorial Hospital provides nurse training.
1894
Hong Kong Historic Events
The first case of bubonic plague in Hong Kong is diagnosed by Dr. James A. Lowson.
Outbreak of the bubonic plague.
Sir Kai Ho initiated a signature campaign to urge Britain to introduce political reform in Hong Kong. He proposed that unofficial members of the Legislative Council should be allowed to debate and to vote. Also, non-British citizens should have the right to elect members of the Legislation Council.
Global Historic Events
End of the Self-Strengthening Movement in China.
Outbreak of the first Sino-Japanese War
1898
Hong Kong Historic Events
The Second Convention of Peking is signed. The New Territories is leased to Britain for ninety-nine years.
Sir Henry Blake becomes governor of Hong Kong.
Enactment of the Misdemeanors Punishment Ordinance in Hong Kong
Global Historic Events
Hundred Days’ Reform in China
1899
Hong Kong Historic Events
Hong Kong Cotton Spinning, Weaving and Dyeing Co. opened.
Green Island Cement Co. founded.
1900
Hong Kong Historic Events
The Sincere Department Store opens at Queen’s Road is the first department store owned by Hong Kong Chinese.
Global Historic Events
Boxer uprising happened in China. British Expeditionary Force against the Boxers.
1901
Global Historic Events
The start of Late Qing Reform in China (1901-1911).
1902
Hong Kong Historic Events
Dr. Ho Ko-tsun is the first Hong Kong Chinese appointed laboratory assistant to the Government Bacteriologist.
1903
Hong Kong Historic Events
The first Hong Kong cinema, Empire Cinematograph Theatre.
China Light and Power began operation.
1904
Hong Kong Historic Events
Sir Matthew Nathan became governor of Hong Kong.
Electric tramways starts running on Hong Kong Island.
Hong Kong Standard Time is established, which is eight hours in advance of the Greenwich Mean Time.
1906
Hong Kong Historic Events
Worst typhoon affecting international trade, and loss of life amounted to around 5% of the contemporary Hong Kong population.
1907
Hong Kong Historic Events
Sir Frederick Lugard becomes governor of Hong Kong.
District Office is established.
1908
Global Historic Events
Bosnian Crisis
1910
Hong Kong Historic Events
The Kowloon-Canton Railway opened.
1911
Hong Kong Historic Events
Kowloon-Canton railway whole section opened.
The first aeroplane landed in Hong Kong.
Sun Yat-sen elected as provisional president and visited Hong Kong.
Hong Kong University founded.
Global Historic Events
Revolution in China which ended the Qing Dynasty.
1912
Hong Kong Historic Events
Sir Francis Henry May becomes the governor of Hong Kong.
Supreme Court Building completed.
Global Historic Events
Outbreak of the First Balkan War
Formation of the Republic of China
1914
Hong Kong Historic Events
The Hong Kong Stock Exchange renamed.
Global Historic Events
World War I begun.
1915
Hong Kong Historic Events
The Lin Ma Hang mining tunnel at Sha Tau Kok is the first mining tunnel in Hong Kong.
1916
Hong Kong Historic Events
23 graduates are honoured at the first degree congregation of the University of Hong Kong.
Trans-Siberian Railway completed.
1917
Global Historic Events
Vladimir Lenin and the Bolsheviks seize power in the Russian Revolution. The Russian Civil War lasts until 1922.
1918
Hong Kong Historic Events
The great fire of Happy Valley Racecourse.
Motor buses commenced.
Global Historic Events
End of World War I.
Austro-Hungarian Empire dissolved.
Representation of the People Act in Britain
Outbreak of Civil War in Russia (1918-1921)
1919
Hong Kong Historic Events
Sir Reginald Stubbs becomes the governor of Hong Kong.
Global Historic Events
Arrangements after war were discussed in Paris Peace Conference.
Treaty of Versailles is signed.
Introduction of universal suffrage in Germany
May Fourth Incident happened in China
1920
Global Historic Events
Introduction of universal suffrage in U.S.A. (Women also have voting rights)
1921
Hong Kong Historic Events
Irene Ho-tung, Rachel Irving and Lai Po-cheun, first 3 women students admitted to the University of Hong Kong.
Global Historic Events
Formation of the Chinese Communist Party
1922
Hong Kong Historic Events
Seamen’s strike in Hong Kong
Global Historic Events
Russia is renamed as Union of Soviet Socialist Republics
1924
Hong Kong Historic Events
The China Motor Bus (CMB) is founded.
Tung Ying Hok Pok participated in the British Empire Exhibition at Wembley, and won a silver cup by showcasing Hong Kong’s local sericulture techniques.
The Queen’s Theater is the first cinema to screen colour and sound movies.
1925
Hong Kong Historic Events
The general strike and boycott in Hong Kong.
Sir Cecil Clementi becomes governor of Hong Kong.
Global Historic Events
Sun Yat- sen passes away.
Chiang Kai-shek became leader of the Kuomingtang.
1926
Hong Kong Historic Events
Chow Shou-son is the first Hong Kong Chinese appointed to the Executive Council.
1928
Hong Kong Historic Events
Dr. Eva Ho-tung becomes the fist woman graduate of the Faculty of Medicine, the university of Hong Kong.
The Peninsula Hotel opened.
Global Historic Events
Introduction of universal suffrage in Britain.
1929
Global Historic Events
Worldwide Great Depression began.
1930
Hong Kong Historic Events
Sir William Peel becomes the 18th Governor of Hong Kong.
1931
Hong Kong Historic Events
Horse racing betting is legalized, the Royal Hong Kong Jockey Club is granted the monopoly to run the betting.
1932
Hong Kong Historic Events
Hong Kong first air-conditioned cinema, King’s Theatre.
Hong Kong’s first woman, barrister, Teo Soon Kim.
The Factories and Workshops Ordinance enacted.
Global Historic Events
The Japanese annexation of Manchuria.
1933
Hong Kong Historic Events
The Kowloon Motor Bus (KMB) was founded.
1934
Hong Kong Historic Events
Chinese Manufacturers' Association of Hong Kong founded.
1935
Hong Kong Historic Events
Sir Alexander Caldicott becomes governor of Hong Kong.
Air mail service is available via Imperial Airways.
Hong Kong dollar began to peg with British pound.
Global Historic Events
The Long March of the communist in China ends at Yan’an.
1936
Hong Kong Historic Events
Imperial Airways begins a new route between London and Hong Kong.
1937
Hong Kong Historic Events
Sir Geoffry Northcote becomes governor of Hong Kong.
Global Historic Events
The beginning of the Japanese invasion in China with the capture of the Marco Polo Bridge.
1941
Hong Kong Historic Events
Sir Mark Young becomes governor of Hong Kong.
Japanese invasion of Hong Kong
Surrender of British Forces in Hong Kong to the Japanese.
1942
Hong Kong Historic Events
Arthur Morse is the first executive chairman of HSBC.
Chinese repatriation policy started.
Non-Chinese civilians arrested and interned in camps.
Japanese Occupation began.
1943
Hong Kong Historic Events
Japanese military yen became sole legal tender.
1944
Global Historic Events
ntroduction of universal suffrage in France
1945
Hong Kong Historic Events
Surrender of Japanese Forces. British rule of Hong Kong resumed.
Global Historic Events
The Chinese Civil War began.
1946
Hong Kong Historic Events
Hong Kong population reaches a million.
Cathy Pacific Airlines is founded.
Governor Mark Aitchison Young considered political reforms which aimed at introducing representative democracy into Hong Kong. He proposed to set up a financially autonomous Municipal Council, two-thirds of its members, half Chinese and half non-Chinese, would be elected by Hong Kong citizens.
Global Historic Events
The Philippines obtained independence.
1947
Hong Kong Historic Events
Sir Alexander Grantham becomes governor of Hong Kong.
Global Historic Events
India gained independence.
The Islamic Republic of Pakistan is established.
1948
Hong Kong Historic Events
Hong Kong’s first woman solicitor, Patricia J. Loseby.
The Prevention of Corruption Ordinance was enacted in Hong Kong, based on the three Prevention of Corruption Acts, 1889 to 1906, in Britain.
British financial assistance not needed.
Global Historic Events
Burma gained independence.
Mahatma Gandhi is assassinated.
1949
Hong Kong Historic Events
Kowloon Motor Bus Company introduces Hong Kong’s first double-decker bus.
Issuance of Hong Kong Identity Card.
New Asia College established.
Commerce and Industry Department established.
Global Historic Events
Commonwealth of Nations established.
Indonesia gained independence.
Founding of the People’s Republic of China headed by Mao Tse-tung.
1950
Global Historic Events
Outbreak of Korean War (1950-1953)
1953
Hong Kong Historic Events
The first industrial town has been built in Kwun Tong.
A tragic fire that breaks out on Christmas night devastates the squatter area in Shek Kip Mei, making more than 50 000 people homeless overnight.
1954
Global Historic Events
Vietnam, Cambodia and Laos gained independence.
1955
Hong Kong Historic Events
Hong Kong’s first rooftop primary school begins to function.
The Government implemented the Rice Control Scheme to ensure stable supply and price of rice.
Global Historic Events
Outbreak of Vietnam War (1955 – 1975)
The formation of Warsaw Pact.
1956
Hong Kong Historic Events
Hong Kong 1956 riots happened.
Global Historic Events
Israel invaded Egypt and caused Suez Crisis.
1957
Hong Kong Historic Events
The Malay States gained independence.
Hong Kong Tourist Association was founded.
The establishment of first television station in Hong Kong, Redifusion.
1958
Hong Kong Historic Events
Sir Robert Black becomes governor of Hong Kong.
1960
Hong Kong Historic Events
The Federation of Hong Kong Industries was established.
Global Historic Events
UN passed Resolution 1514, declaring the right of the peoples of Non-Self-Governing Territories to self-determination.
1961
Global Historic Events
The Berlin Wall is built.
1962
Hong Kong Historic Events
Typhoon Wanda.
Global Historic Events
Cuban Missile Crisis happened.
1963
Hong Kong Historic Events
The Office of the Unofficial Members of the Executive and Legislative Councils was established (UMELCO), with the aim of inviting citizens to put forward their views on public interest or lodge complaints against government departments.
The United Nations Special Committee on Decolonization discussed on the decolonization of 14 British colonies. Representative from Poland raised that New Territories in Hong Kong is still a part of China after 1997. Thus, Hong Kong could not gain independence unlike other colonies.
Water rationing.
An Unprecedented Drought in Hong Kong. A period of water rationing starts from 1st June 1963. Water supply is available 4 hours every 4 days.
The Chinese University of Hong Kong incorporated.
1964
Hong Kong Historic Events
Sir David Trench becomes governor of Hong Kong.
1965
Hong Kong Historic Events
Establishment of "equal pay for men and women for equal work" in government departments
Fresh water supply is paid and piped to Hong Kong from the East River in China.
Bank run.
Global Historic Events
Independence of Singapore
1966
Hong Kong Historic Events
Secretary of State for the Colonies, visited Hong Kong. She observed that the United Nations Association of Hong Kong, founded by Ma Man-fai to fight for local autonomy, might meet the demands of different social classes.
Ellen Li becomes the first woman in Hong Kong appointed to the Legislative Council.
Trade Development Council established.
So Sau-chung began a hunger strike protest at the Star Ferry Terminal in Central District to protest against the fare increase. Urban Councillor Elsie Elliott came to show her solidarity with So.
Star Ferry fare rise led to riot.
Cultural Revolution began.
Global Historic Events
The beginning of the Cultural Revolution in China.
The “12.3” Incident in Macau
1967
Hong Kong Historic Events
The Chinese Language Movement started.
Leftist riots and violent explosive devices in Hong Kong and 52 killed.
District Offices set up.
Global Historic Events
The 6-Day War happened in Middle East.
1968
Hong Kong Historic Events
Plover Cove Reservoir completed.
Global Historic Events
Martin Luther King Jr is assassinated in the USA.
1969
Hong Kong Historic Events
The first Hong Kong Festival was organized.
Queen Elizabeth grants the Hong Kong Police force with the Royal title.
Hang Seng Index launched.
Global Historic Events
Men land on the moon.
1970
Hong Kong Historic Events
On the request of China in 1970's, UN removed Hong Kong and Macau from its list of colonial territories. China claimed that Hong Kong issues were China's internal affairs and so denied the right of self-determination to Hong Kong people.
The Prevention of Bribery Ordinance passed in 1970 by Hong Kong government and took effect in 1971.
Pope Paul VI is the first pope to visit Hong Kong.
1971
Hong Kong Historic Events
Enactment of the Audit Ordinance
The Public Assistance Scheme was introduced (renamed in 1993 the Comprehensive Social Security Assistance Scheme).
Sir Murray Maclehose becomes governor of Hong Kong.
Free six-year compulsory education introduced.
Coloured TV programmes began.
1972
Hong Kong Historic Events
Hong Kong be removed from the list of territories to which “The Declaration on the Granting of Independence to Colonial Countries and Peoples” is applicable.
The use of Chinese language is allowed in Legislative Council meetings.
Kwai Chung Container Terminal opened.
First Cross-harbour Tunnel opened.
1973
Hong Kong Historic Events
The Vocational Training Council was established.
"Fight Corruption, Catch Godber" campaign started.
New Town Programme began.
1974
Hong Kong Historic Events
Governor Murray MacLehose set up the Independent Commission Against Corruption (ICAC) and appointed Sir Jack Cater as the first Commissioner. A huge number of corruption cases were uncovered. In 1975, Police Superintendent Peter Godber was arrested in England and extradited to Hong Kong for prosecution.
Chinese became an official language alongside English.
Independent Commission Against Corruption (ICAC) was established.
Chinese and English began to become statutory languages.
Consumer Council established.
Touch Base Policy began to control Chinese refugees.
Global Historic Events
Richard Nixon resigns as a result of the Watergate scandal.
1975
Hong Kong Historic Events
Lok On Pai Desalting Plant was built.
Botanic Garden was renamed in 1975 as Botanical and Zoological Gardens to reflect the increased commitments to zoological exhibits.
First group of Vietnam refugees arrived in Hong Kong. They were all permitted to stay in Hong Kong and led many refugees arriving in the following years.
1976
Hong Kong Historic Events
Britain ratified The International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, which was also applied to Hong Kong in the same year.
Mutual Aid Committees were formed in public housing estates, comprising of representatives of local residents.
1977
Hong Kong Historic Events
Advisory Committee on Diversification was set up.
Ocean Park opened on 10th January. Governor MacLehose visited there to hold this opening ceremony.
1978
Hong Kong Historic Events
Hong Kong declared as "port of first asylum".
The largest reservoir, High Island Reservoir, opened.
1979
Hong Kong Historic Events
Governor Murray MacLehose paid the first official visit to China. Deng Xiaoping made it clear that China would recover Hong Kong in 1997.
Mass Transit Railway (MTR) is opened.
1981
Hong Kong Historic Events
District Council was established.
1982
Hong Kong Historic Events
Buying school places from private schools and implementation of nine years’ free and compulsory education
Sir Edward Youde becomes the 26th Governor of Hong Kong. The only Governor passes away in office in 1986.
Global Historic Events
Margaret Thatcher visits Peking to discuss the possibilities to extend Britain’s rule over Hong Kong. She is the first sitting British Prime Minister to visit Hong Kong.
1983
Hong Kong Historic Events
Establishment of the Linked Exchange Rate System
1984
Hong Kong Historic Events
Sino-British Joint Declaration of the Government of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland and the Government of the People's Republic of China on the Question of Hong Kong is signed.
1986
Hong Kong Historic Events
China proposed to build a nuclear power plant at Daya Bay right after the Chernobyl disaster. About a million Hong Kong citizens signed a petition opposing the proposal.
Governor Edward Youde set up a planning committee for the University of Science and Technology, with the aim of meeting the needs of growing high-tech industries in Hong Kong.
Regional Council is established.
1987
Hong Kong Historic Events
Sir David Wilson becomes the 27th Governor of Hong Kong.
Black Monday on October 19, all stock markets in the world crash that begins in Hong Kong. Hong Kong stocks fall 45.5% by the end of the month.
Global Historic Events
Global financial crisis.
1988
Hong Kong Historic Events
Lydia Dunn is the first woman appointed Senior Unofficial Member of the Legislative Council Member.
1989
Hong Kong Historic Events
Office of the Ombudsman was established.
Fall of the Berlin Wall
Hong Kong Cultural Centre opened.
Global Historic Events
Tiananmen Square Protests of 1989 and June Fourth Massacre in China
1991
Hong Kong Historic Events
The University of Science and Technology opened.
Global Historic Events
The Gulf War ends
Dissolution of the Soviet Union
1992
Hong Kong Historic Events
Christopher Francis Patten became the 28th and the last Governor of Hong Kong.
1993
Hong Kong Historic Events
Anson Chan is the first Chinese and woman appointed Chief Secretary.
Hong Kong Monetary Authority established.
Central Mid-Level escalator opened.
1995
Global Historic Events
World Trade Organization founded.
1996
Hong Kong Historic Events
Lee Lai-shan won a gold medal in windsurfing at the Atlanta Olympics. Tung Ying Hok Pok participated in the British Empire Exhibition at Wembley, and won a silver cup by showcasing Hong Kong’s local sericulture techniques.
Global Historic Events
Dolly the sheep is cloned.
1997
Hong Kong Historic Events
The handover of Hong Kong.
1998
Hong Kong Historic Events
The Chek Lap Kok Airport opened.
2001
Global Historic Events
The U.S. September 11 Attack.
2003
Hong Kong Historic Events
The Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS) broke out.
2008
Global Historic Events
Lehman Brothers collapsed led to global financial crisis.
2011
Hong Kong Historic Events
New Government Headquarters at Tamar opened.
2014
Hong Kong Historic Events
The Umbrella Movement